Two books are required:

Clay Shirky. (2008) Here Comes Everybody: the Power of Organzing Without Organizations. Chapters 2-5 plus epilogue (25-142; 293-321).
Mark Doty. (2002) Still Life With Oysters and Lemon.

These are available at the Coop. Other readings will be online or available via the library's e-reserves system. (If you do not have the password for the e-reserves, ask the instructor.)

For reference purposes, you may also be interested in:

Elaine Svenonius. (2000) The Intellectual Foundation of Information. MIT Press.

Arlene Taylor and Daniel Joudrey. (2008) The Organization of Information. 3rd ed. Libraries Unlimited.

(Several readings from Svenonius and Taylor will be incorporated in the class; these excerpts will be provided.)

Complete List of Readings

Baxandall, Michael. (1985). Patterns of intention: on the historical explanation of pictures. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Beghtol, Clare (1986). Semantic validity: concepts of warrant in bibliographic classification systems. Library Resources & Technical Services 30: 109–125.

Bowker, Geoffrey, and Susan Leigh Star. (2000) Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Borges, Jorge Luis. (1962) The library of Babel. In Labyrinths. Edited by Donald A. Yates and James E. Irby. New York: New Directions.

Borges, Jorge Luis. (1964) The analytical language of John Wilkins. In Other Inquisitions 1937-1952. Translated by Ruth Simms. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Broughton, Vanda. (2001) Faceted classification as a basis for knowledge organization in a digital environment; the Bliss Bibliographic Classification as a model for vocabulary management and the creation of multi-dimensional knowledge structures. The New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia: 67–102. (Read pp. 67-83 only.)

Buckland, Michael. (1997) What is a “document”? Journal for the American Society of Information Science 48 (9): 804–809.

Carlyle, Allyson, and Lisa Fusco. (2007) Understanding FRBR as a conceptual model: FRBR and the bibliographic universe. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. August/September, 2007: 12–16.

Clifford, James. (1991) Four Northwest coast museums: travel reflections. In Exhibiting cultures: the poetics and politics of museum display. Edited by Ivan Karp and Steven Lavine. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Press. 212–254.

Duval, Eric, Wayne Hodgins, Stuart Sutton, and Stu Weibel. (2002) Metadata principles and practicalities. D-Lib 8(4). Available at:

Elings, Mary W., and Waibel, Günter. (2007) Metadata for all: Descriptive standards and metadata sharing across libraries, archives and museums. First Monday 12(3) (5 March 2007). Available at:

Fidel, Raya. (1994) User-centered indexing. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 45 (8): 572–576.

Furnas, G.W., Thomas K. Landauer, L. M. Gomez, and S. T. Dumais. (1987) The vocabulary problem in human-system communication. Communications of the ACM 30(11): 964–971.

Furner, Jonathan. (2009) Interrogating “identity”: A philosophical approach to an enduring issue in knowledge organization. Knowledge Organization 36(1): 3-16.

Gilliland, Anne. Setting the stage. In Introduction to Metadata. 3rd ed (online edition). Edited by Murtha Baca. Available at:

Heery, Rachel, and Manjula Patel. Application profiles: Mixing and matching metadata schemas. Ariadne 25. Available at:

Hillman, Diane. (2005) Using Dublin Core. Available at: (Read sections 1, 3, 4 only.)

Hjorland, Birger. (1992) The concept of “subject” in information science. Journal of Documentation 48(2): 172–200.

Hjorland, Birger, and Albrechtsen, Hanne. (1995) Toward a new horizon in information science: domain-analysis. Journal for the American Society of Information Science 46 (6): 400–425.

Hunter, Eric J. (2002) Classification made simple. 2nd ed. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. (Ch. 1-5)

IFLA. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records final report. Available at: (Read about Group 1 entities: pages 13-14, 17-24, 31-49 only.)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (1985) Documentation. Methods for Examining Documents, Determining their Subjects and Selecting Indexing Terms. International Organization for Standardization. ISO 5963-1985.

Lakoff, George. (1987) Women, fire, and dangerous things. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Chapters 1-4.)

Mimno, D., G. Crane, and A. Jones. (2005) Hierarchical catalog records: Implementing a FRBR catalog. D-Lib 11 (10). Available at:

Ranganathan, S. R. (1959) Elements of library classification. London: The Association of Assistant Librarians. (Chapters 1-5)

Rayward, Boyd. (1994) Visions of Xanadu: Paul Otlet and hypertext. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 45, 235-250.

Reddy, Michael J. (1979). The conduit metaphor: A case of frame conflict in our language about language. In Metaphor and thought. Edited by Andrew Ortony. New York: Cambridge University Press: 164–201.

Riva, Pat. (2007) Introducing the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records and related IFLA developments. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. August/September, 2007: 7–11.

Rosenfeld, Louis, and Peter Morville. (2006) Organization systems and Thesauri, controlled vocabularies, and metadata. In Information architecture for the World Wide Web. 3rd ed. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly. (Chapters 5 and 9.)

Svenonius, Elaine. (2000) The intellectual foundation of information. (Chapters 8 and 9.)

Taylor, Arlene. (2004) The organization of information. 2nd ed. (Chapters 8 and 9.)

Vickery, Brian. (1960) Faceted classification: a guide to construction and use of special schemes. London: Aslib. (Chapters A-M only.)

White, Hayden. (1987) The content of the form. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Chapter 1.)

Wilson, Patrick. (1968) Two kinds of power: an essay on bibliographic control. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. (Chapters 1, 2, 5)

Winograd, Terry, and Fernando Flores. (1987) Understanding computers and cognition: a new foundation for design. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. (Ch. 5)

Yee, K-P., Swearingen, K., Li, K., and Hearst, M. (2003) Faceted metadata for image search and browsing. CHI Proceedings 2003. (April 5–10, 2003, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA.)

Yoon, Carol Kaesuk. (2009) Reviving the lost art of naming the world. New York Times. August 11, 2009.